|Charles Emerson Winchester III|
David Ogden Stiers as Charles Winchester III on the M*A*S*H TV series.
|Rank:||Major (O-4), U.S. Army|
|Job/Role in Unit:||New ranking "Swamp" surgeon at the 4077th M*A*S*H|
|Home:||Same as birthplace|
|Hair Color:||Sandy Red|
|Birthplace:||Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.|
Unnamed father (probably Charles Emerson Winchester Jr., his son's namesake)
Honoria Winchester (sister)
Timmy Winchester (brother) †
"Wife" Donna Marie Parker ("Divorced")
|First appeared in:||"Fade Out, Fade In (Part 1)" (Season 6)|
|Last appeared in:||"Goodbye, Farewell and Amen" (Series finale, film)|
Number appeared in:
|131 episodes from Seasons 6-11|
|Appeared on/or in:||M*A*S*H TV series|
|Played by:||David Ogden Stiers|
"You can cut me off from the civilized world, you can incarcerate me with two moronic cellmates, you can torture me with your thrice-daily swill, but you cannot break the spirit of a Winchester! My voice shall be heard from this wilderness, and I shall be delivered from this fetid and festering sewer!"
~Charles to Colonel Potter (Fade out, Fade In)
Major Charles Emerson Winchester III is a surgeon who replaced the departed Frank Burns as the third surgeon in "The Swamp" at the 4077th MASH unit in Season 6 of the M*A*S*H TV series. The part of Charles was played by David Ogden Stiers.
A descendant of aristocracy, Charles was born in Boston to a very wealthy Republican family and raised in the high-class suburb of Beacon Hill. He has a younger sister named Honoria (pronounced ah-NOR-ee-uh) who, known only to Charles, has a speech impediment, and also had a brother named Timmy who died when they were young.
Charles graduated Summa Cum Laude from Harvard Medical School after completing his secondary studies at Choate and began residency at Boston General Hospital. Before he was drafted to join the Army at the start of the Korean War, he was on track to become Chief of Thoracic Surgery.
Although he constantly bemoans being away from Boston, he developed a deep affinity for Tokyo (despite the fact that he speaks no Japanese), particularly the indigenous cuisine and entertainment, especially Kabuki theater.
Joining the 4077th Edit
In Fade Out, Fade In, Major Frank Burns has gone AWOL in Seoul while Margaret is on her honeymoon with her new husband Donald in Tokyo, the 4077th is short handed and Colonel Potter frantically calls I Corps for a temporary replacement; he eventually gets hold of Tokyo General and a Lt. Colonel Horace Baldwin, who decides to send Charles to the 4077th to avoid paying off his $600 cribbage debt to him. Upon his arrival, Charles immediately deplores the sub-standard living conditions and soon lords his own surgical expertise over the others, particularly Hawkeye and B.J., who quickly develop a dislike for him.
When Burns is finally caught and arrested he is held for psychiatric observation, and then when he is permanently transferred stateside, Potter arranges for Charles' temporary change of duty to become permanent, which Charles strongly resents.
On several occasions he makes unsuccessful attempts to get himself transferred out of the 4077th, mostly through pleading with his father (through audio recordings) to pull some strings to get him out, but also through orchestrating situations in the hope that he will get publicity for his work, and eventually find someone else with influence that can get him transferred back stateside.
Social Life Edit
In contrast to the mostly temperate Frank Burns, Charles is a social drinker; his libation of choice is usually wine or cognac, and as such his drinking habit is not quite on the same level as the other surgeons, particularly Hawkeye and B.J. (who often drink martinis, beer, or gin from their still), though on a few occasions Charles tends to overindulge. One example of this, which overlaps with his affinity for the fairer sex, is in Mr. & Mrs. Who, when a hungover Charles returned to camp with pictures from a wild party in Tokyo during which he drunkenly got married to an unidentifiable woman. The woman, a Red Cross worker named Donna Parker, visits Charles at the 4077th and reveals that the marriage was performed by a hotel bartender; in other words, to Charles' great relief, the two were not actually married.
Charles has a soft spot for women. After his initial arrival at the 4077th, he and Margaret tried once or twice to develop a relationship, but they both realized they had no chemistry and decided to remain friends. In The Grim Reaper, Winchester attempted to have an expensive dinner alone with her, which resulted in both of them getting food poisoning.
In Ain't Love Grand, a lonely Charles attempts to charm a local doxy and teach her his culture, but the woman is totally uninterested in his lifestyle and eventually moves on from him. Disgruntled and heartbroken, Charles eventually joins the other surgeons for a drink in the Swamp.
In Foreign Affairs, Charles falls for a visiting French Red Cross volunteer named Martine LeClerc, but when she reveals that she lived a non-conformist lifestyle (living unmarried with another man, and even posing nude for a painting), Charles realized that his family would never accept her and sadly ended their relationship.
Through the rest of the seriesEdit
Charles is initially standoffish, most notably when he learns he has lost his candidacy for Chief of Thoracic Surgery at Boston General and shut himself off from the rest of the camp until Hawkeye and B.J. prank him into opening back up. But as time passes he gradually accepts his situation and settles in with the 4077th. Though his lofty attitude still has a tendency to annoy, he eventually makes partial peace with his comrades and they count him as one of their friends.
Charles softens somewhat as he becomes more acclimated to his new life at the 4077th. This comes in part from a Christmas present arranged by Radar and Fr. Mulcahy— his old tobogganing cap, sent by his mother, which he wears frequently. However, with his ego remaining fully inflated, he still distances himself from the rest of the camp to some degree and regularly retreats to his classical music as a refuge. As time goes on, he seems to maintain his arrogant attitude as a kind of caricature of itself, a character armor to hide his genuine feelings. In Letters, when a young schoolgirl (from Hawkeye's home town) sends him a fallen tree leaf, he quietly reveals his homesickness.
A running gag is Winchester efforts to maintain his upper class lifestyle while in camp, such as playing classical records on his portable phonograph (which everyone else hates), hoarding high-quality foods for himself, smoking cigars and drinking cognac or going quail hunting with a shotgun which results in his quarry exploding a land mine.
Although his cold persona is a cover for his fear of becoming a casualty, Winchester does go to the front, once to a Battalion Aid station after he is nearly killed by a sniper, and once when he attends to wounded at the Battle of Pork Chop Hill which actually occurred from March to July 1953 (which would explain the Arrowhead award).
Comparison with Frank BurnsEdit
Like Burns, Charles also occasionally has temper tantrums, most notably when he is outperformed in the OR:
- In The Young and the Restless, a visiting young surgeon taught the doctors a new surgical method, but the young doctor's youth and quickness to adapt put both Winchester and Potter temporarily in their place.
- In Inga, a Swedish lady doctor saved a patient in respiratory distress; while Winchester argued with Inga over what procedure to use, Inga was able to save the patient, which deflated Charles' ego.
Charles' class consciousness also caused his bigotry to flare up on occasion, especially where his own family was concerned; in Bottle Fatigue, when his sister Honoria writes that she's marrying an Italian, Charles is incensed that a woman of Honoria's pedigree was marrying someone so far below their family's social class. In a drunken stupor, Charles even goes so far as to write a handful of insulting letters home protesting the wedding. But later, when Charles receives another letter from Honoria saying that the wedding has been cancelled because her fiance's family refuses to let him marry outside their faith, Charles thinking is jarred as he himself was now being discriminated against. After a wounded North Korean POW very nearly sets off a hand grenade in the OR during surgery, Charles is ashamedly compelled to send Honoria a telegram warning her of the letters and wishing he were there to share in the pain of her heartbreak.
Another comparison to Burns is Charles' love of money. For all his affluence and family wealth, Charles never seems to balk at the opportunity to further pad his financial coffers, but during his time at the 4077th, each attempt fails. Examples include:
- In Change Day, when the Army changed their scrip, Charles saw an opportunity to clean up at the expense of the Korean locals, offering to exchange their scrip notes (which, technically, they shouldn't have) for ten cents on every dollar, but his plan gets thwarted by Hawkeye and B.J.-- and Klinger.
- In A War for All Seasons, Charles latches onto Klinger's wager with Colonel Potter, covering Klinger's side of Potter's $50 bet on whether the Brooklyn Dodgers would hold onto first place against the rest of the National League. Charles is so certain of Klinger's bet that he even bumps up the odds, causing Potter to double his bet to $100, but at the end Charles and Klinger lose a lot of money when the New York Giants defeat the Dodgers in the playoff.
However, in stark contrast to Burns, Charles had superb medical skills, although initially he was not quite able to handle the more frantic pace of meatball surgery at a front-line unit. Moreover, Charles also engaged in acts of generosity and compassion that Burns would never have done or even considered, although Charles often made it a point to keep his humanitarian side hidden:
- In Morale Victory, Charles learns that one of his patients, Private Sheridan, who suffered permanent nerve damage to his right hand, was a concert pianist back home. Agonizing over what to do, and after a talk with Father Mulcahy, Charles procures special sheet music, piano pieces composed for the left hand, and shows them to his patient. During their conversation Charles reveals that his fondest but unfulfilled desire has always been to play music, and that he does not have the gift that he knows Sheridan has. Charles showed him that his musical gift does not lie in his stilled hand but in his heart and soul, and Sheridan begins playing the music, slowly at first but gradually with more enthusiasm (In reality, Stiers was a musician and even conducted the Boston Symphony Orchestra).
- In Sons and Bowlers, Charles keeps vigil with a worried Hawkeye whose father was about to undergo major surgery back home. The two have a heart-to-heart talk, and Charles compares his own father with Hawkeye's. While Charles loves and respects his father, he reveals that he is envious of Hawkeye, in that he and his father have a closeness that Charles and his father do not. Summing up the difference between them Charles observes, "Where I have a father, you have a dad." (It was one of only two times in the series that he referred to Pierce as "Hawkeye".)
- In Death Takes a Holiday, Charles attempts to continue his family's tradition by secretly donating a large parcel of confections to the orphans; when Choi Sung Ho, who runs the orphanage, finds Charles leaving the package, Charles insists that the donor must remain secret. Upon learning that Choi sold the candy on the Black Market, Charles is furious, but when Choi explains that while the candy's joy would have only been momentarily, he was able to trade it for a whole month's supply of rice and cabbage, at which point Charles humbly acknowledges that giving dessert to a hungry child was "sadly inappropriate". Klinger, who overheard the conversation, gathered together the last of the holiday fare and brought it to Charles, hinting that he knows what he had done, for which Charles thanks him.
- In Run For The Money, Winchester befriends a wounded soldier, Private Palmer, who stutters and then privately, and sternly, reprimands his CO after he comes in and belittles the young man. Although the soldier's IQ is above average, Palmer has always considered himself stupid because of his speech impediment and reads only comic books, but Charles encourages him to pursue his own natural intelligence, and gives him a treasured leather-bound copy of Moby Dick, which the soldier has read in its Classics Illustrated comic book adaptation. At the end of this episode, Charles listens to a taped letter sent by his sister Honoria— revealing that she, too, stutters.
- In No Laughing Matter, Colonel Baldwin visits the 4077th on business. Charles is initially hell-bent on exacting revenge, but instead, on advice from Potter and Klinger, decides to show Baldwin the utmost hospitality. Baldwin later persuades Charles to procure him some late night companionship in his tent, which Charles reluctantly does, but when Margaret shows up at the tent first, Baldwin mistakes her for the prostitute, but she gets away and tells Potter. Baldwin then tells Charles of his plan to frame Margaret by telling Potter that she came on to him (which was a lie), and then promises Charles a reassignment to Tokyo General if he plays along. When Potter confronts them both, Baldwin tells his lie, and when Winchester is called on to corroborate, he instead reveals the truth, swearing to Baldwin that even for a transfer back to Tokyo he would not smear Margaret's name by bearing false witness (this is a very rare example of Charles' humanity on full display to the others in camp).
Relationship with others Edit
Another contrast to Burns was that Charles had no interest in taking command of the camp, even when it fell to him via protocol in Potter's absence; when Charles replaced Burns as second-in-command, he took the position far less seriously than Burns. On the rare occasion when Charles was left in command, he usually allowed the camp to go through its paces and let everyone have what they wanted just so long as Charles in turn got what he wanted, which was usually either a personal favor or just time to himself, although the first time he was left in command (Tell It to the Marines), he went overboard on ordering luxury items for himself.
In addition, on occasions when Hawkeye was left in charge for varying reasons, once including his own insistence that he was not up to the task, Charles did not take offense, and indeed rarely wielded his rank as a tool. As such, Charles got along somewhat better with the others in camp, mainly because Charles was more soft-spoken than Burns and never threw his weight around barking orders at everyone else.
His Swampmates Edit
At first, Charles marginally got along with Hawkeye and B.J., deploring their personalities and personal habits, though Charles held B.J. in slightly higher regard for his own surgical skills, though he still disliked the fact that B.J. is from California.
In Where There's a Will, There's a War, When Hawkeye was writing his last will and testament while temporarily at an Aid Station, he wrote:
"To Charles Emerson Winchester: You were the victim of a ceaseless stream of dumb jokes. Though we may have wounded your pride, you never lost your dignity. I therefore bequeath to you the most dignified thing I own: my bathrobe. Purple is the color of royalty."
Sense of humorEdit
In contrast to his normally high-class tastes, Charles enjoyed occasional Tom and Jerry cartoons, Ritz Brothers films (which he regarded as surrealistic), Captain Marvel comics, pralines and canned sardines.
Though he was often made the victim of Hawkeye and B.J.'s practical jokes, Charles was more than capable of giving as good as he got, engaging in a few potshots of his own on the others:
- In An Eye for a Tooth, Charles instigated a prank war between his Swamp mates and Margaret, but they eventually got wise to his machinations and staged a stunt of their own which got Charles to admit that he was responsible for the prank war.
- In Rally 'Round the Flagg Boys, Charles planted 'evidence' to lead Colonel Flagg on a wild goose chase, wherein Flagg became convinced that communist conspirators were meeting in the guise of a card game in the Swamp. The 'conspirators' turned out to be Hawkeye, Colonel Potter, and both the Mayor and Chief of Police of Uijeongbu, the latter two of whom were unamused by Flagg's accusations.
Charles also on occasion teamed up with some of the others to pull some masterful pranks.
- In Bottoms Up, after a series of embarrassing pranks on Charles (one of which Hawkeye meant to pull on himself), Hawkeye found out, and later convinced Charles, that B.J. was the instigator and switched things around so that Hawkeye would get blamed. The two joined forces and got revenge on B.J.
- In As Time Goes By, after Rizzo pulls a revenge prank on B.J. with a dummy hand grenade, he tries the same stunt with Charles, but it rebounds on Rizzo and Charles confiscates the grenade, a counter-prank he staged with B.J.
- In The Joker is Wild, Charles (along with Margaret, Colonel Potter and Klinger) goes along with a master prank orchestrated by B.J. in which he bets Hawkeye that he can prank all of them within 24 hours. As everyone else "supposedly" gets pranked, Hawkeye's nerves are made raw waiting to be next. He eventually thinks he has won the bet, but Charles and the others eventually point out that Hawkeye never saw any of them actually get pranked, and that the real target was Hawkeye himself.
In The Moon is Not Blue, when Hawkeye and B.J. go to great lengths to find a copy of the film The Moon Is Blue, a supposedly racy film that was banned in Boston, Winchester tried to advise them against it, saying that Boston would ban Pinocchio. (Hawkeye and B.J. actually get the film, but are greatly disappointed to find that the closest sexual reference in the movie is the mention of the word "virgin")
In Goodbye, Farewell and Amen, Winchester encounters a group of five Chinese P.O.W.s who are decent musicians and share his love of music. They are being held at the 4077th and, as they are playing traditional music, Winchester confronts them, explaining that he is trying to listen to Mozart on his phonograph. They then begin to play a crude rendition of Mozart's Clarinet Quintet In A, K 581 - 1st Mvt. Allegro. Winchester, delighted at the idea of being able to spend time with anyone who loves classics, begins spending considerable time trying to improve upon their performance. However, Charles learns that the musicians have to be transferred in a prisoner of war exchange with the Chinese Red Army along with the rest of the captives at the 4077th. Charles pleads for them to stay, but the military officer coordinating the effort refuses to allow it. The musicians play the piece of Mozart that Charles had taught them as they are driven away.
Charles, coming out of surgery several hours later, handles triage after more wounded arrive, one of them is in grave condition from a prisoner truck hit by mortar fire. He begins examining the wounds, but then recoils in horror when he sees that he is one of the Chinese musicians that had been swapped in the POW exchange. When Charles asks about the others on the truck, the corpsman informs Charles that the dying musician is the only one left. Charles sadly and bitterly remarks that the dying man was a musician and not a soldier. Retreating to his tent, Charles attempts to find solace in a record of the piece he taught the musicians, but after only a few moments of listening to the song he wordlessly yanks the record off the phonograph and smashes it.
The armistice ending the war is signed soon after and at the 4077's last supper, Charles announces:
"I will be head of Thoracic Surgery at Boston Mercy Hospital, so my life will go on pretty much as I expected—with one exception. For me, music has always been a refuge from this miserable experience... now it will always be a reminder."
With the 4077th breaking camp for the final time and everyone going home, Charles addresses Colonel Potter, informing him that he has always admired his leadership style and will emulate him in his new position of authority in civilian medicine. Charles leaves the camp with Sgt. Rizzo in his last remaining vehicle: a garbage truck. Which Winchester whimsically accepts saying, "What better way to leave a garbage dump!" It is fitting that Charles leaves his friends with the trademark phrase "Gentlemen," that still shows his class and upbringing.
- "Gentlemen..." (Charles' signature address to others in the room as he leaves)
- To Colonel Baldwin: "I've groveled! I have endured your insufferable cribbage playing! I have kissed your brass! But I WILL NOT, even for a return to that pearl of the orient Tokyo, lie to protect you while destroying a friend's career!"
- "I do one thing at a time. I do it very well. And then I move on."
- To Klinger's court martial board: "If you, in your wisdom, do not agree [that Klinger is innocent]... think of me!... Five generations of Winchesters haven't lost an argument, much less, a trial. If you send this man to the stockade, it will be an injustice, albeit a minor one. But the damage to my reputation will be a tragedy of EPIC proportions!"
- To Colonel Flagg: "One, you cannot afford my price, and Two..WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT?"
- To Colonel Flagg: "For a man with no sense of humor you are awfully funny.".
- To Colonel Flagg: "The notion Pierce is a spy and a sympathizer is absurd. Pierce has a big mouth and sticks his nose into other people's business. But that makes him obnoxious, not a spy."
- To Congressional aide Williamson: "THERE IS NO LIFE AFTER BOSTON"
- "Each of us must dance to his own tune."
- "Don’t you see? Your hand may be stilled, but your gift cannot be silenced if you refuse to let it be... The gift does not lie in your hands. I have hands, David, hands that can make a scalpel sing. More than anything in my life I wanted to play, but I do not have the gift. I can play the notes, but I cannot make the music. You have performed Liszt, Rachmaninoff, Chopin. Even if you never do so again, you've already known a joy that I will never know as long as I live. Because the true gift is in your head and in your heart and in your soul. Now you can shut it off forever, or you can find new ways to share your gift with the world— through the baton, the classroom, or the pen. As to these works, they’re for you, because you and the piano will always be as one." ["Morale Victory", Season 8, Episode 19]
- To Captain Sweeney, CO of the stuttering Private Palmer in "Run For The Money": "Captain Sweeney, if you say one more unkind word to Private Palmer, I will personally write up a report detailing your inhumanity, and I will have it placed in your 201 file, where it will follow you for the rest of your career. (Brushes aside Sweeney's interjection) IS THAT CLEAR? (Sweeney answers "Yes, sir.)
- To Hawkeye and B.J. "I want to thank you both; you've made me realize what going home is all about... Gentlemen."