|“Goodbye, Farewell, and Amen”|
Title card for "Goodbye, Farewell and Amen," the series finale to M*A*S*H at the end of Season 11.
| Season 11, Episode # 16 |
Number (#256) in series (256 episodes)
|Guest star(s)||Rosalind Chao|
Jo Ann Thompson
Gwen Farrell and others
|Writer(s)||Alan Alda, Burt Metcalfe, John Rappaport, Dan Wilcox & Thad Mumford , Elias Davis & David Pollock, Karen Hall|
|Original airdate||February 28, 1983|
|IMDB||Goodbye, Farewell, and Amen|
|← Previous||Next →|
|"As Time Goes By"|| N/A, end of series |
(Series finale, spun off into AfterMASH)
From 1983 until 2010, "Goodbye, Farewell and Amen" remained the most watched television broadcast in American history, passed in total viewership (but not in Ratings or Share) in February 2010 by Super Bowl XLIV. The episode drew 121.6 million American viewers, more than both that year's Super Bowl and the famed Roots miniseries, and remains the most watched finale of any television series. While the M*A*S*H series ended with this episode, three of the series' main characters (Sherman Potter, Maxwell Klinger, and Father Mulcahy) would later reunite in the 1983–1985 sequel series AfterMASH.
The episode's plot chronicles the final days of the Korean War at the 4077th MASH and features several story lines intended to show the war's effects on the individual personnel of the unit, and to bring closure to the series. After the cease fire goes into effect, the members of the 4077th throw a farewell party before breaking camp for the last time.
A repeat of GFA on September 19, 1983 was appropriately the last official telecast of M*A*S*H to air on CBS; the finale was rebroadcast again September 16, 1984. The episode was added to the syndication package for the series in 1993.
The Korean War is coming very close to an end, and Hawkeye has been sent to a mental hospital for treatment by Sidney Freedman. Hawkeye's memories of what led to his breakdown have become repressed, and as he and Sidney draw them forth, Hawkeye initially remembers the details inaccurately.
In his first recollection, Hawkeye and most of the rest of the camp went to the beach at Incheon to celebrate the Fourth of July. On their way back to camp, Hawkeye joyously called for a liquor bottle to be passed back to someone who “can’t wait”; later, he is able to more accurately remember that the person who couldn't wait was a wounded soldier, and that the bottle was an I.V. bottle. The bus then stopped to pick up some South Korean refugees, and then some wounded soldiers who brought news of an enemy patrol in the area. The bus pulled off the road and everyone is told to stay quiet so they would not be spotted by the enemy. One woman carried a live chicken that began clucking loudly, prompting Hawkeye to angrily admonish her to “keep that damn chicken quiet!”, after which the noise suddenly stopped.
With Sidney's prompting, Hawkeye begins to recall the correct details of what happened: It turned out that it was not a chicken, but a baby; unable to keep the baby from crying, the woman made the decision to smother her own child to silence it and protect the lives of the people on the bus. Seeing this, Hawkeye was so traumatized that he repressed the memory of what occurred. When they returned to camp, he attempted to operate on a patient without anesthesia, while accusing the anesthesiologist of trying to smother the patient. But it was a later incident, driving a jeep through the wall of the Officers' Club and ordering a double bourbon (which Hawkeye never drank), that caused Hawkeye to be committed to the mental hospital. When he accurately recalled what happened on the bus, a horrified Hawkeye broke down in sobs saying, "I didn't mean for her to kill it! I just wanted it to be quiet!" He then quietly berated Sidney for making him remember what actually happened, to which Sidney replied, "You had to get it out in the open".
With the true memory of the events on the bus now restored to his consciousness, Hawkeye can acknowledge the fact that he suffered a nervous breakdown, and was in the process of writing his father that he might be coming home soon as he doubted the Army would let a surgeon operate "whose cheese has slipped off his cracker". But Sidney, deciding that he is ready to be released, sends a dubious Hawkeye back to the 4077th promising to check up on him periodically.
Back at the 4077th, an out-of-control tank runs over the camp latrines, forcing Winchester to go to a temporary facility down the road to relieve himself. Encountering a raggedy group of five Chinese soldiers on a motorcycle, he is greatly surprised when they “surrender” and follow him back to camp, playing musical instruments. B.J. takes possession of the motorcycle and later annoys Winchester by painting it yellow.
Winchester, irritated that he is about to miss his chance to win a coveted position at a hospital in Boston, consoles himself by conducting the Chinese musicians in rehearsals of one of his favorite Mozart pieces (the first movement of the Clarinet Quintet in A, K. 581). On the surface, he is irritated with them over their inability to play the piece correctly, but he is actually bonding with and growing quite fond of them. Margaret learns of his situation and puts in a good word with the Boston hospital's board, but her efforts earn his ire when he finds out about them.
With the crashed tank still in the camp and Colonel Potter under orders not to have it moved for the time being, enemy forces begin a mortar assault against the 4077th. During one barrage, Father Mulcahy runs to open a makeshift pen in the compound in which several POWs are locked up. A mortar round explodes nearby, knocking Mulcahy out and leaving him with a severe hearing loss (later revealed to be caused by tinnitus). Only B.J. knows about Mulcahy's condition, and Mulcahy begs him not to tell anyone else, as it could result in his being sent home, unable to help the local orphans.
Shortly before Hawkeye returns from the mental hospital, B.J. receives his discharge papers and joyously leaves for home. Just as the chopper takes off, Klinger informs Potter that B.J.'s discharge has been rescinded, but Potter cannot (by choice) hear Klinger over the chopper. The shorthanded operating-room staff is soon swamped with patients, and Potter calls headquarters to expedite a replacement. Hawkeye, arriving after Hunnicutt's departure, is upset that his roommate left without saying goodbye, much as his old friend Trapper John had. Shortly afterward, during another barrage of enemy shelling, Hawkeye decides to take matters in his own hands and drives the crashed tank through the newly built latrine and into the camp's garbage dump to draw the shelling away from the camp. Most of the camp is relieved that they are now out of harm's way, but Margaret, Mulcahy and Potter begin to wonder if Hawkeye might have been released too soon, so Potter calls Sidney in to pay a visit.
In the meantime, Soon-Lee Han, a Korean refugee from a previous episode, is still in camp and trying to locate her misplaced family. Klinger becomes worried when he learns that she has gone off on her own to find them; when he catches up with her they both realize that they have feelings for one another. Later, Klinger proposes to her, and she accepts, but much to Klinger's frustration Soon-Lee insists that she cannot and will not leave Korea until she finds her family.
A salvo of incendiary bombs causes a fire in a nearby forest, and the 4077th is forced to "bug out." (a well-rehearsed evacuation order). As soon as the camp is up and running again in its new location, Potter gets the replacement surgeon he asked for—B.J., whose travel was delayed just long enough for him to find out about his rescinded discharge. Reuniting with Hawkeye, B.J. apologetically says that he had no time to leave a note. The 4077th throws a party for B.J., who had intended to be home in time for his daughter's second birthday, and for a local orphan girl who is about that age.
Seeing many children at the party, Hawkeye becomes withdrawn and tries to slip away, but Sidney, who shows up during the festivities, reassures him. He considers Hawkeye's commandeering of the tank to be a sensible action that took his fellow soldiers out of danger. Hawkeye opens up about his feelings about the thought of losing a patient under his care; Freedman says it may make him an even better doctor than he already is.
Charles eventually has to say goodbye to the Chinese musicians, who are to be part of a POW exchange. As they are driven away, they finally play the Mozart piece correctly for him. At that moment, the PA announces the news that the armistice has finally been signed, and a cease-fire will go into effect at 2200 hours that night, officially ending the war. A loud cheer goes up in the camp, but the celebration is short-lived as more wounded arrive, and Potter orders that I-Corps wants them back in Uijeongbu right away, so only the patients that cannot wait get first priority before they move back. Back at their old site, more wounded arrive; among them is one of the musicians, barely alive after the truck carrying the POWs was shelled. None of the other four survived, and this one soon dies as well. A shaken Winchester retires to his tent, where he plays a record of the Mozart piece they were rehearsing, but this only intensifies his pain, and he angrily yanks the record from the turntable and smashes it.
In the OR, Hawkeye finds himself about to operate on a child and hesitates at first. When Potter offers to switch patients with him, he declines and goes to work, indicating that his recovery is complete. Sidney, his work now done, leaves the 4077th with the same parting line he used during one of his earliest visits: “Ladies and gentlemen, take my advice. Pull down your pants and slide on the ice.” The staff continues operating throughout the night, stopping only briefly to take note when 10:00 PM comes and the guns fall silent as heard in a radio broadcast over the loudspeaker.
Once all the wounded have been cared for, the staff throws a final party in the mess tent, with many characters commenting on their future plans:
- Potter looks forward to rejoining his wife in Missouri and becoming a “semi-retired country doctor”
- Margaret has rejected several overseas postings in favor of working at a big-city hospital in the United States
- Father Mulcahy decides to begin ministering to the deaf
- Hawkeye wants to take some time off, then go back to work in Maine, where he can get to know his patients
- B.J. jokes about running off with a girl he met during his travel delay, then says he will return home to his family in San Francisco.
- Winchester, having gotten the position he sought at Boston Mercy, says "My life will go on as expected", but adds that the music that he had loved and used as a refuge from the experience will now serve as a reminder of the deaths of the Chinese musicians and the war itself.
- The biggest surprise of all comes from Klinger, who announces his intent to marry Soon-Lee; an even bigger surprise is his decision to stay in Korea to help find her family.
Mulcahy and Margaret ride to the 8063rd MASH, a stopover on the way back to the States. Winchester cannot find room in Margaret's jeep, so he sends Rizzo to get him another ride; he then makes peace with her and allows her to keep a treasured book she borrowed from him. Just before leaving the camp, Margaret receives hugs from various members of the unit and also engages in a long, passionate goodbye kiss with Hawkeye. After Margaret leaves, The Swamp is struck down as its former occupants gleefully laugh at its demise. The last available vehicle is a garbage truck, which Winchester boards after saying goodbye.
Potter plans to take one final ride on his beloved horse Sophie, planning to donate her to the local orphanage, and take a jeep from there. He recalls how Hawkye and Hunnicutt's pranks and jokes always gave him a good chuckle (particularly the time they de-pantsed Winchester in Bottoms Up), even if he acted angry about them at the time. As Potter climbs on his horse, Hawkeye and Hunnicutt offer him a small token of gratitude and respect: a heartfelt salute, which they seldom, if ever, performed for anyone. Potter emotionally returns the salute and rides off.
Hawkeye and B.J., the last ones to leave, find it difficult to part. As they reminisce over their shared time, Hawkeye tries to agree with B.J. that they might see one another again, but in case they don't, Hawkeye tells B.J. how much he has meant to him, which B.J. reciprocates. The two exchange a long brotherly hug before B.J. rides off on his motorcycle. But right before he leaves, he shouts to Hawkeye that they'll see each other back home, and that this time he left Hawkeye a note. Only after Hawkeye's helicopter has lifted off does he see this note: he smiles as he sees the word "GOODBYE" spelled out in stones on the ground. The chopper flies away from the now-desolate 4077th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital, and Benjamin Franklin Pierce, M.D., like all the others, finally goes home...
Recurring Cast/Guest starsEdit
- Rosalind Chao as Soon-Lee
- Allan Arbus as Major Sidney Freedman
- Kellye Nakahara as Lieutenant Kellye Yamoto
- John Otrin as Ambulance Driver
- Jeff Maxwell as Igor Straminsky
- Roy Goldman as Private Roy Goldman
- Jim Lau as Chinese Musician
- Jan Jorden as Lieutenant Baker
- Jo Ann Thompson as Nurse Jo Ann
- Enid Kent as Nurse Bigelow
- Judy Farrell as Nurse Able
- Gwen Farrell as Nurse Gwen
- G.W. Bailey as Sgt. Luthor Rizzo
- David Ogden Stiers, who played Charles Emerson Winchester III, was always a little detached from the rest of the cast. Unlike the others, no one had his direct phone number, so when he had to be reached, it was through a message with his agent. In one of the key scenes of Charles' farewell, he gives Margaret the book of poetry they argued about earlier and he has signed it - the inscription is actually to his co-star Loretta Swit, and it includes his phone number. Her reaction is genuine.
- For the third time in the whole series the 4077th bugs out. In fact the footage of the camp bugging out was taken from the season 5 episode "Bug Out". It was wisely edited to not show Hawkeye, Radar, and Klinger in a dress since at that point he had stopped. New music also added along with some new dubbed voices to make it seem fresh.
- This is the only episode of the series to feature the episode title superimposed on-screen.
- Alan Alda and Loretta Swit are the only regulars to appear in both the 1972 pilot episode and 1983 finale of the series. However, Alda is the only series regular to be in each and every episode of the series (251 episodes spanning 11 years). Swit appeared in all but 11 epsiodes of the series.
- Klinger reveals to have an Uncle Jameel, referencing Jamie Farr's birth name: Jameel Joseph Farah.
- Ironically, the idea to have Max Klinger voluntarily choose to remain in Korea in the final episode was suggested by Jamie Farr himself.
- This has the most writers credited for a single episode in the entire series' run: 8!
- This is the only time opening theme song "Suicide is Painless" is then played in its entirety throughout the closing credit sequence instead of the standard closing theme.
- The wildfire story line was written into the show after an actual wildfire destroyed most of the outdoor set in October 1982. The scene was filmed less than 12 hours after the fire had ravaged the set. In November 2018 the Woolsey Fire again swept through the area, now a State Park.
- The story of Hawkeye is illogical...in the real Korean war Timeline Winchester would have been in MASh only from June-July 1953 when the war was winding down; the North Koreans were never so close that MASH would never have had to bug out with the North Koreans almost on their heels...or so close that only a cave would have separated MASH 4077 from capture; in fact it was the Chinese who did make several offeneces in the last month of the war..but on the eastern flank of the main line of resistance which was manned by South Koreans...the only time that Seoul fell was in the summer of 1950 and January-June 1951
- Likewise an anchroihsm is Sidney Friedman remarking to a patient that people think the "I Love Lucy" show is real;while the show premired in october 1951 there is no way a GI In Korean War would have known about while in the front lines!
(after breaking down in sobs when he remembered the chicken was actually a baby)
- Hawkeye: You son of a bitch. Why did you make me remember that?
- Sidney: You had to get it out in the open. Now we're halfway home.
(after nearly getting hit by a passing jeep)
- Mulcahy: Dear Lord, I know there must be a reason for this, but what is it?! I answered the call to do Your Work. I've devoted my life to it, and now, how am I supposed to do it? What good am I now? What good is a deaf priest? I pray to You to help me, and every day I get worse. Are You deaf, too?!
[Last scene of the series]
- Hawkeye: Look, I know how tough it is for you to say goodbye, so I'll say it. Maybe you're right, maybe we will see each other again; but just in case we don't, I want you to know how much you've meant to me. I'll never be able to shake you. Whenever I see a pair of big feet or a cheesy mustache, I'll think of you.
- B. J.: Whenever I smell month-old socks, I'll think of you.
- Hawkeye: Or the next time somebody nails my shoe to the floor...
- B. J.: ...or when somebody gives me a martini that tastes like lighter fluid.
- Hawkeye: I'll miss you.
- B. J.: I'll miss you. A lot. I can't imagine what this place would've been like if I hadn't found you here. [The two men hug, then Hawkeye boards the helicopter while B. J. mounts his motorcycle, where he shouts over the helicopter] I'll see you back in the States—I promise! But just in case, I left you a note!
- Hawkeye: What?!
- [B. J. rides off. Hawkeye gives the pilot the thumbs-up to take off. As the helicopter ascends, Hawkeye looks down and smiles as he sees a message spelled in stones: GOODBYE]